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Recent Submissions

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Economic Resilience to Hurricanes in U.S. Counties
Yu, Qianchen (2024)
The study examines the economic resilience of U.S. counties under the impact of hurricanes, particularly through different socioeconomic indicators and spatial dependencies that enhance regional resilience and toughness. The main research questions include: 1) How do different demographic and industrial structures affect regional economic performance and its response to hurricanes? 2) How do spatial distributional characteristics of economic resilience and geographic proximity effects affect interregional economic interactions? Analyzed by spatial lag models, spatial error models, and generalized additivity models (GAM), the results show that, relative to no intervention strategies, post-disaster economic intervention strategies can significantly raise per capita income in the short term but have limited impacts on GDP and varying employment impacts. In addition, the results of the spatial analysis emphasize the importance of considering geographic proximity effects. These findings provide policymakers with data support to optimize disaster management strategies and improve long-term regional sustainability.
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OPTIMIZING COMMUNITY PLANNING IN TROY, NY: THE ROLE OF THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION MODEL
Oertel, Lauren (2024-05-20)
Community Development Corporations have been a critical asset to disinvested communities nationwide since the 1960’s. Among many American rustbelt cities, Troy, New York residents face socioeconomic injustices because of the urban renewal regime and continued deteriorating infrastructure. For the Troy community to combat these inequities, it is critical to identify existing services, initiatives, and needs of residents and visitors. This study assesses how an adopted community development corporation model could effectively translate and address these needs. Exploring this topic requires a comprehensive examination of the challenges and opportunities that an organization may encounter, particularly in terms of organizational capacity and financial and political relationships.
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CRITICALLY ASSESSING SENIOR HOUSING PROGRAMS IN NYC & RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE STRATEGIES
Hanfei Sun (2024-05-20)
The senior housing shortage is an urgent problem not only in New York City but also across the United States. In New York City, there are nearly 200,000 seniors on the waiting list for a senior housing incentive and have been waiting an average of seven years (Hosey, 2021). This paper critically examines New York City’s various policies, organizations, programs, and initiatives that aim to alleviate the housing shortage for seniors in order to 1) understand New York City’s efforts, 2) to assess the failures and successes of those efforts, and 3) to propose new possible ways forward in the next decade. Using the SWOG analysis method (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Gap), the paper analyzes and studies a variety of ongoing initiatives and identifies several recurring challenges and issues: the scarcity of land resources, the complexity and burdensomeness of government processes, the efficiency of the government departments and organizations, income and rent issues for seniors, and issues of controversy and balancing. This paper then concludes with recommendations and strategies that attempt to alleviate the senior housing crisis in New York City using six key “strategy shifts” as a reference point.
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UNDERSTANDING SUSTAINABILITY IN CLONE TOWN BRITAIN
Comrie, Lancelot (2024-05-18)
In 2003, the British government initiated the Sustainable Communities Act to regenerate town centers across the United Kingdom. To investigate this policy’s impact, the New Economics Foundation (NEF) conducted a survey in 2004, dividing towns into 'home towns' and 'clone towns'. These categories were based on their clone town score, the ratio of independent businesses to chain stores in town centers. Home towns were towns with a high ratio of traditional stores to chain stores, while clone towns had a high ratio of chain stores to traditional stores. The NEF hypothesized that home towns would be more sustainable than clone towns. This study investigated this hypothesis by analyzing economic, social, and environmental sustainability in six towns across London. The study’s findings indicated that a town’s clone town score has little impact on its social sustainability and environmental sustainability but was far more impactful on its economic sustainability.
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Rethinking Vacancy: Exploring a Temporary Use Model for Vacant Land in Chicago
Epps, Andrew (2024-05)
Urban vacant land is a pervasive feature in many U.S. cities. Following the 2008 foreclosure crisis, local governments sought to reduce the high concentration of municipal-owned vacant land through initiatives that transferred lots to private ownership. This approach provided short-lived financial benefits but left large amounts of vacant land without plans for reutilization. This research explores how municipal strategies can adopt a temporary use model that allows for incremental, short-term interventions on vacant land. Focusing on Chicago, this paper compares the city’s former Large Lots Program with three case studies in the Washington Park neighborhood to illustrate different approaches to vacant land reutilization. Using a descriptive evaluative framework, this paper argues that embracing a temporary use model promotes socio-ecological benefits that can mitigate the adverse impacts resulting from high concentrations of vacant land and support community-led transformation.